Common Core Basics

CHAPTER 4

Have you ever met people from another state or another country? Perhaps you had an interesting discussion with those people, comparing and contrasting where you live with where they live. You may have noticed that despite some differences, there were things you had in common. In a similar way, the study of the history and culture of other nations shows the scope of human activity. It can give you a clearer idea of how civilizations have formed and changed throughout time.

In this chapter, you will learn how urbanization changed the way people live. You will see how technological changes have enabled people around the world to work together. You will understand how population growth can lead to a scarcity of natural resources.

In this chapter you will study these topics:

  • arrow_drop_downPolitical Theories and Systems in World History

    Governments make and enforce their country's laws. In a monarchy or a dictatorship, a single ruler controls the government. In an oligarchy, a small group controls the government. In a democracy, the citizens control the government. No matter how governments are structured, they must interact with one another.

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  • arrow_drop_downInternational Organizations

    The United Nations, the world's largest diplomatic organization, was set up to keep peace between nations. Other international organizations have been formed for economic or military reasons.

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  • arrow_drop_downInternational Relations

    The US government forms relationships with other nations around the world. The president generally takes the lead in setting foreign policy goals. The president appoints ambassadors to other countries and is the commander in chief of the armed forces.

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  • arrow_drop_downThe World in the Twenty-First Century

    Technology has led to globalization, which has been beneficial in many ways to the world's economies. However, the world is challenged by increased population, the overuse of non renewable energy resources, and terrorism.

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