Materials

  • CCB Social Studies, pages 26-31, 48-53

  • CCA Social Studies, pages 40-47

  • GED Exercise, pages

  • HiSET Exercise, pages

  • Bill of Rights

  • I Have a Dream, by Martin Luther King, Jr. (“Audio”, “Text”)

Standards

Objectives

  • Summarize the process of amending the Constitution

  • Identify the general provisions of the Bill of Rights

Vocabulary

Tier 2 Civil Liberty
Civil Right
Disenfranchise
Segregation
Suffrage
Tier 3 Persevere
Provision
Seize
Test Words Point of View

Evidence-Based Reading

  • Fluency: Collaborative Reading: Divide the class into ten small groups. Assign each group an amendment from the Bill of Rights. Ask each group to silently read their assigned amendment and discuss its meaning. Then have the group practice reading it aloud together until they can read it smoothly. Have a leader from each group read their amendment aloud to the class and explain its meaning.

Workplace Skills

  • Understand the Purpose of Workplace Documents (flow-charts): Tell students that the purpose of a flow-chart is to show the steps of a process in order. This is helpful in the workplace because people are able to see how steps are related. Suggest students work in pairs to gather information for how a bill becomes a law and to create a flow-chart showing the correct order.

Before the Lesson

Background

Guided Practice

The Bill of Rights: Have students read the Bill of Rights aloud. As they finish reading each amendment, ask whether the amendment extends the rights of citizens (1-9), protects the powers of state and national governments (2), or changes how the government functions or is structured (3, 10).

Extension

Investigate Amendments: Have pairs of students work together. Assign each pair on of the amendments beginning with 11 and ending with 27. Have each pair use online sources to investigate what the amendment says, who proposed it, when it was proposed and ratified, and how it affected citizens. Then have partners present the information they compiled to the class.

Review

Application: Defenses using the Bill of Rights


Civil Rights Leaders

Week 3

Before the Lesson

Students have read how the Bill of Rights was written to reassure states that the Constitution would protect the basic rights of individuals. Ask student s which of these basic rights and freedoms they recall, and list their answers on the board. (Sample answers: freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to bear arms, freedom of religion, and freedom from unreasonable search and seizure) Tell students that in this lesson, they will learn more about the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution.

Guided Practice

Identify Point of View: Relate point of view to the “I have a Dream” speech. Write the following questions on the board:

  • What was Martin Luther King, Jr., trying to tell you in his speech?
  • Why was he telling you this?
  • How did he make his ideas clear?
  • Suppose you were giving the speech. What would you say?
  • Have students discuss the answers to these questions in small groups. Encourage them to identify words that show King’s feelings about the subject and any comparisons that help make his point

Extensions

Apply Your Experience: Ask students to name rights that they exercise on a regular basis. Suggest things like freedom of speech or freedom to assemble. Ask students to think carefully about how their lives would be different without these rights. When students have completed their essays, have them exchange papers with a partner. Then have them examine their partner’s essay to identify the right being discussed, identify clues to the author’s point of view, and identify facts, details, and experiences that support the writer’s arguments.

Paraphrase and Summarize: Have students paraphrase:

Constitutional amendments and new laws have helped extend civil rights to more people in the United States.

Then ask them to summarize the Fourteenth Fifteenth and Nineteenth Amendments and to explain how these amendments prove the above statement.

Summarize: Have students investigate and interpret data regarding a person, document, or issue presented in the lesson. For example, students might investigate the Declaration of Sentiments or the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, case and decision. Then have students summarize their findings and present them to the class in the form of a short oral report.

Analyze How Changes Have Affected People: Have students investigate Rosa Parks, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, or some other key woman civil rights leader. Students should identify the person’s role, the effectiveness of her actions and those who followed her, how she helped the civil rights / women’s rights movement, and the effect their efforts have had on students’ lives today. Have students present their findings to the class. Suggest they use presentation software to present their information.

Lesson Review


Court Cases

  • Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Brown v. Board of Education

Societal Changes

  • The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
  • Poetry: Ballad of Birmingham (Text, Video)

President Speeches

  • John F. Kennedy Inauguration Speech
  • Lyndon Johnson